Broadly eight teaching techniques are used in the PG Teaching for MD (PSM). However for an individual topic, more than one or all approaches may be required to be used simultaneously.
Being a professional course, the major approaches for the PG teaching will be activity based learning by participation in different activities, project preparation, case studies, field visits & presentations along with self study and guidance from the faculties/PG guides is the golden principle for PG learning.
1. Self Study:
PG study is adult learning, where it is expected that disciple should devote 50 to 70% of his/her total learning time to self study. Self study is not self learning, but it has to be blended with other teaching approaches mentioned below to transform into learning. As during the college hours disciple is expected to devote 50 to 70% time for different teaching approaches as mentioned along with, it is highly desirable that disciple should make the best use of his/her time after the college hours.
Vast reading of literature in different areas of Community Medicine & having a keen interest in carrying out various activities are two important pillars for self study.
2. Class room Teaching & Presentation:
It is a classical teaching method where disciple(s) will prepare a presentation on the assigned topic and make presentation in front of the peers and faculties. This is an interactive (two way) teaching where teachers will set the discussion on the topics. Also additional information on the assigned topic will be done by the faculties. This approach is mainly to build the knowledge and deeper theoretical understanding of various topics of the subject.
Important formats commonly practiced for class room teachings are as below.
- PG Presentation
- Case presentations
- Journal club - Critical review of research article
- PG Discussion
MD is a professional course, where practical exposure to various field/external activities is vital to develop the skills necessory in making a Community Medicine specialist. Also it provides the disciple an opportunity to get exposure to the 'real field' where one is expected to perform having as a specialist. Below are the few examples in which disciple is expected to take active participation.
- Different survey, studies, research, projects, etc.
- Epidemic Investigation
- Celebrations of Important National Days & Weeks.
- State & National level conference, workshops, training program etc.
- Undergraduate teaching and internship training.
MD (PSM) is a professional course and it is expected that along with sound theoratical knowledge the disciple should develop good practical skills in the subject. Learning by doing is the motto of this approach. It is cross cutting with “participation”. However the broad difference is that participatory is mainly departmental activities where disciple will be joining as a team member but in activity based learning the disciple will be assigned a specific task individually or in a group with primary objective to learn the topic in detail. This is the heart of the PG teaching.
Around 20-30% of the PG study time in the college timing is expected to be used in following activities.
- Projects Preparation
- Case Studies
- Laboratory Practical of public health importance
5. Field visits & Family & Environment Studies:
As subject PSM is linked with the community and primary health care, field visits is a key learning method in the MD course. Disciple has to visit fields for studying the community characteristics along with its environment in the context of health and different health related institutes for understanding its structure and functions.
Submission of dissertation is the prerequisite qualification for appearing in the MD university examination. At the same time it also provides opportunity to understand the importance of research and scientific methods and deep understanding of a one of the important public health issue chosen as topic of dissertation. Topic should be selected in a way that it is current, contributory to the community. Hence selection of the topic & methodology are very crucial in dissertation. The guiding principles are that topic should be of disciple’s interest so that s/he can be a (super) specialized in a particular area of community medicine in a way that he can build his future career in it.
The thesis synopsis must be finalized within 3 months after registration to the course and approved by the academic/ethical committee. Disciple should complete all the dissertation related task in such a way that duly signed dissertation can be submitted to university 9 months before appearing the final examination.
Different steps for dissertations to be accomplished by the disciple for accomplishment of the task are shown below. Many of the steps are inter-related and may overlap.
- Chosing the thematic area for dissertation
- Literature Review
- Preparing dissertation protocol including methodology
- Data collection, compilation & Analysis
- Report writing
7. Reinforcing and Assessment:
Though the disciple is awarded degree based on the assessment in the form of University examination at the end of three years tenure, but periodic internal assessments are desired. The primary objective for this pedagogy is to reinforce the understanding of specific topics and refined the three key skills i.e. epidemiology, biostatistics and expression. This additionally helps in preparing the capacity of the disciple to deliver in the stressful situation of the university examination as well.
- Epidemiogical Exercises
- Bio statistical Exercises.
- Periodical Viva & exam.
8. Guidance & Supervision of Teachers:
All above seven pedagogies are to be supported by the PG teachers. Disciple is expected that he/she must actively seek guidance for all learning related tasks from self study to examination preparation from all teachers.
Teachers will be supervising the activities during participation of various teaching opportunities mentioned above. Also by regularly monitoring and verifying the logbook the PG teacher under whom disciple is registered will directly monitor the progress.